Collected by Imam Al-Bukhari Abu Abdullah Muhammad bin Ismail
With commentary based on the checking, editing, rulings, and comments of:
Imam Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee
Shaykh Husayn ‘Awdah al-‘Awaayisha
Shaykh Sameer bin Ameen az-Zuhayree
Dr. Muhammad Luqman as-Salafee
The Duty of Maintaining Ties of Kinship
وَأَنذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ ٱلْأَقْرَبِينَ ٢١٤
And warn ˹all, starting with˺ your closest relatives,
— Dr. Mustafa Khattab, the Clear Quran
Abu Hurayra said:
“When the following verse was revealed ‘Warn your nearest relatives’ (26:214), the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم rose and called out, ‘Banu Ka’b bin Lu’ayy! Save yourselves from the Fire! Banu ‘Abd Manaf! Save yourselves from the Fire! Banu Hashim! Save yourselves from the Fire! Banu ‘Abdu’l-Muttalib! Save yourselves from the Fire! Fatima, daughter of Muhammad! Save yourself from the Fire! I cannot alter Allah’s decision about you (if you deserve it). Except for the fact that you have ties of kinship which I shall maintain.’” (Authentic)
(1) The hadeeth orders maintaining ties with the near relatives without restricting it to the Muslims among them alone. The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم would quickly act upon the instructions of the Qur’an and give admonitions employing methods that depicted the importance of what he said.
(2) The hadeeth forms evidence that the Muslim could still relate himself to his fathers: grandfathers, great grandfathers and further above, whether they were Muslims or not for the verse referred to some of the non-Muslim grandparents of the Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم and mentioned them as his near relatives.
(3) Everyone is enjoined to hasten towards acting upon good deeds and not depend on nor take pride in family ties. Connecting family ties is emphasized in the hadeeth.